Semi-Supervised Learning of MRI Synthesis without Fully-Sampled Ground Truths

Image credit: Unsplash


Learning-based translation between MRI contrasts involves supervised deep models trained using high-quality source- and target-contrast images derived from fully-sampled acquisitions, which might be difficult to collect under limitations on scan costs or time. To facilitate curation of training sets, here we introduce the first semi-supervised model for MRI contrast translation (ssGAN) that can be trained directly using undersampled k-space data. To enable semi-supervised learning on undersampled data, ssGAN introduces novel multi-coil losses in image, k-space, and adversarial domains. The multi-coil losses are selectively enforced on acquired k-space samples unlike traditional losses in single-coil synthesis models. Comprehensive experiments on retrospectively undersampled multi-contrast brain MRI datasets are provided. Our results demonstrate that ssGAN yields on par performance to a supervised model, while outperforming single-coil models trained on coil-combined magnitude images. It also outperforms cascaded reconstruction-synthesis models where a supervised synthesis model is trained following self-supervised reconstruction of undersampled data. Thus, ssGAN holds great promise to improve the feasibility of learning-based multi-contrast MRI synthesis.

IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Onat Dalmaz
Onat Dalmaz
Ph.D. Student in Electrical Engineering

The focal point of my research is the synergistic combination of machine learning and medical imaging.